An ethical, social, and cultural practice. As opposed to simply hearing, listening requires one’s full attention. The event of listening and its meaning are equally informed by the performer and listener [how each is trained and expected to listen] and to the medium and location of the performance [concert hall, album or other recording]. Listening, as a practice, draws our attention to relations of power [Adorno, Nancy], direct experience of voice and other sonic phenomena [Ihde], and to the potential for alternative interpretations and analyses [Kun, Vazquez]. It has been a central concept and intellectual concern for the fields of philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and popular music studies. See also: Theodor Adorno, Jean Luc-Nancy, Don Ihde, Josh Kun, Alexandra Vazquez.

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